|The history of Bulgarian Art begins some 1300
years ago with the establishment of the Bulgarian State, as
a part of the European cultural tradition.
Bulgarian history and culture are closely connected with the
development of Europe. In fact many of the positive and progressive
processes and movements
in the European continent have begun in the region of contemporary
Bulgaria and neighboring Balkan countries.
The uplifting national spirit has always led the cultural development
and growth of Bulgaria, in the past and nowadays, all along
during the period of its
1300 year long history. During the early Middle ages Bulgarian
State promoted the progressive cultural and educational mission
of brothers Cyril and Methodius and their followers who spread
out the Slavic alphabet, the so called Cyrillic alphabet, among
the Slavic communities in Europe. This mission had a tremendous
influence on the cultural development of Europe and great importance
on the movement for national and ethnic independence and reformation.
In the early X th century the Bogomils-Christian reformation
movement gave an impulse for the reformation of Christianity
and the Christian Church in general. During the period of political
and cultural invasion by the Ottoman Empire in Europe, only
the strong Christian traditions and national spirit helped Bulgaria
to condemn and in fact stop the Muslim attempt to overpower
Christianity in Europe.
Contemporary Bulgarian art is a representation of the most progressive
and positive traditions of Bulgarian culture. Bulgarian artists
and painters have preserved the best characteristics of the
national traditions. Bulgarian art has developed its own specific
image, incorporating a vast variety of methods and styles, from
Naivism and Mysthicism to Postmodernism.