The history of Bulgarian Art begins some 1300 years ago with the establishment of the Bulgarian State, as a part of the European cultural tradition.
Bulgarian history and culture are closely connected with the development of Europe. In fact many of the positive and progressive processes and movements
in the European continent have begun in the region of contemporary Bulgaria and neighboring Balkan countries.
The uplifting national spirit has always led the cultural development and growth of Bulgaria, in the past and nowadays, all along during the period of its
1300 year long history. During the early Middle ages Bulgarian State promoted the progressive cultural and educational mission of brothers Cyril and Methodius and their followers who spread out the Slavic alphabet, the so called Cyrillic alphabet, among the Slavic communities in Europe. This mission had a tremendous influence on the cultural development of Europe and great importance on the movement for national and ethnic independence and reformation. In the early X th century the Bogomils-Christian reformation movement gave an impulse for the reformation of Christianity and the Christian Church in general. During the period of political and cultural invasion by the Ottoman Empire in Europe, only the strong Christian traditions and national spirit helped Bulgaria to condemn and in fact stop the Muslim attempt to overpower Christianity in Europe.
Contemporary Bulgarian art is a representation of the most progressive and positive traditions of Bulgarian culture. Bulgarian artists and painters have preserved the best characteristics of the national traditions. Bulgarian art has developed its own specific image, incorporating a vast variety of methods and styles, from Naivism and Mysthicism to Postmodernism.
Impressionism
Expressionism
Romanticism
Surrealism
Baroque and Rocco
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Last Update February 19, 2002