Fauvism (1903 - 1907)
Always a favorite, Fauvism lasted from about 1898 to just around 1908, give or take a few months either way. This movement was all about color, color and more color. The fauves (or, the "wild beasts" as their friends and enemies referred to them) didn't care much for the softness of impressionism. They did however enjoy the vibrancy and passion of post-impressionism and they particularly liked the animalistic and at times violent qualities of expressionism. Do you like Henri Matisse's work? Yes? Well, then, you are a fan of fauvism.
The Fauves - The Wild Beasts of Early 20th Century Art
This page is dedicated to the small group of artists who, shortly after the turn of the century, exploded onto the scene with a wild, vibrant style of expressionistic art that shocked the critics but has since been recognized as one of the seminal forces that drove modern art.
They were called the fauves, French for "wild beasts", a term of derision used to indicate their apparent lack of discipline.
Today fauvism, once thought of as a minor, short-lived, movement, is recognized as having paved the way to both cubism and modern expressionism in its disregard for natural forms and its love of unbridled color.
The Major Players in the Movement
Three main groups, each with a different background, contributed to the rise of Fauvism: The ex-students of Gustave Moreau and the Academie Carriere. These early practitioners included Henri Matisse and Albert Marquet The wildest of the wild beasts, Andre Derain and Maurice Vlaminck. The late-comers with impressionist backgrounds, Georges Braque, Raoul Dufy, and Othon Fries. In addition were several other important fauvist painters: Henri Manguin, Kees Van Dongen and Charles Camoin.
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Last Update March 15, 2002